September 19, 2021

Beyond Going Long

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Will anti-Taliban protests continue in Panjir?

Twenty years after he was removed from power, Taliban Captured Kabul on August 15 and now controls almost everything
I am from Afghanistan. But only one area seems to have resisted the attack:
Panjir Valley.

It is in this area that access to the Taliban is difficult. Where is it located? Why did the opposition become its stronghold? Is it likely to succeed? 20 minutes To put the point.

Why is Panchir a historic fort of rebellion?

Panjir is one of the 34 valleys that make up Afghanistan. Steep, mountainous and very difficult to access, this area is located about a hundred kilometers northeast of Kabul, in the Hindu Kush Massif.

Considered the historic stronghold of the insurgency, the valley was occupied by the Soviets during the 1990s civil war, a decade before the Taliban were overthrown by the Americans, or a decade earlier.

When Kabul was captured by the Taliban in 1996, Panshir was one of the few areas where the Taliban were able to resist. This is a very important place in the political geography of Afghanistan, “explained Gilles Doronzoro, professor of political science at the University of Paris, 1 Afghanistan expert and author of the book 2021 The Transnational Government of Afghanistan – such a predictable failure,
From our colleagues in Franின்பois. Ahmed Shah Masood, the father of Ahmad Masood, nicknamed the Lion of Panchar, was a hero of the anti-Soviet movement, and was killed in an attack against the Taliban two days before.
September 11, 2001 attacks.

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Who are the actors of protest in this region?

If the Taliban had completely taken over Afghanistan, two men would still be on their way: Ahmed Masood, the son of the famous commander Ahmad Shah Masood, was assassinated by al-Qaeda in 2001, a former deputy leader. Amrullah Saleh organizing the protest from the Punjab lands. Earlier this week, several pictures of two men who appeared to be laying the groundwork for what would be a revolt against the new regime were posted on social media.

On Tuesday, the former vice president, Amrullah Saleh, a native of Panjir, vowed not to submit to the Taliban under any circumstances, even until he declares himself legitimate president. According to the Afghan constitution, the first vice president becomes interim president in the absence of the president, in the event of a plane crash, resignation or death. I am currently in my country, I am the legitimate interim president. I urge all leaders to show their support and consensus, ”he wrote in English on his Twitter account on Tuesday.

“I will not disappoint the millions of people who listen to me. I will never be under the same roof of the Taliban.” If he had already tweeted on Sunday, Shortly before going underground.

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In a column published in French Review Rules of the gameOn Monday, Ahmed Masood announced his intention to oppose the Taliban, saying he wanted to “make” his father’s struggle as a hero of the opposition against the Soviet occupation for independence.
In the second forum To Washington PostHe claims to have been joined in Panchgarh by the Afghan army “disgusted at the surrender of their commanders”, and by former members of the Afghan Special Forces.

Can the region again become a symbol of resistance?

If the protest is too loud, it is unlikely to gain momentum and win, AFP’s Gilles Toronto said: “This protest is verbal because the Taliban did not seek to infiltrate the Punjab.”

Because, to the researcher, the situation was “completely different” than it was under Commander Masood: “Previously, General Masood held Panshir, but he also controlled the northeast, which meant he had access to a sanctuary in neighboring Tajikistan. Today, Panshir is completely surrounded by local forces, the Taliban.” So there is no strategic place, “he said in Franின்பois Military.” Militarily, the expert says, “It’s not going anywhere.”