January 28, 2022

Beyond Going Long

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The largest technology companies are led by leaders from India

The largest technology companies are led by leaders from India

Foto: Microsoft, Google, Mastercard, Twitter, PepsiCo

1) Satya Nadella, Microsoft

Capital: $877 million

Satya Nadella He was born in 1967 in a town in southern India Hyderabad. In 1990, he moved to the United States, where he graduated from the University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee Certificate in Computer Science. He began working at Microsoft in 1992 and gradually grew steadily in the ranks of its management.

In 1999, he was appointed Vice President of Microsoft bCentral Small Business, and two years later became Vice President. Microsoft Business Solutions. In 2007, it was upgraded to Senior Vice President of Research and Development Online service company, and later worked as Head of Server DivisionWhich generated annual revenues of about 19 billion dollars.

In 2014, Nadella became General Director Microsoft. After the company’s co-founder Bill Gates and Steve Ballmer, he became the third person to hold this position in the company’s nearly 40-year history. Sati has held the title for many years The highest paid CEO in the tech sector in the world, Today, his salary ranges About 50 million a year.

Under a waiter’s cudgel, Microsoft started Focus more on cloud computing and deploy the Azure cloud service. He also made a number of corporate acquisitions, the largest of which was the acquisition of a social network LinkedIn for $26.2 billion And take over the company $8.5 billion Skype.

All these steps have led to this since then Satya Nadella replace steve ballmer, Microsoft shares rose more than 600%.. In addition, the company’s market value increased from $381 billion to $2.5 trillion, Microsoft is currently The richest company in the world.

2) Sundar Pichai, Google / Alphabet

Capital: 600 million dollars

Sundar Pichai, Google / AplhabetSundar Pichai He was born in 1972 in an Indian city Madras. At a young age, he showed an interest in technology and had an extraordinary memory. As he mentioned in his autobiography, his father often worked at night to support his brother The best possible education.

He graduated from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Stanford University Scholarship. After a short period in a consulting firm McKinsey & Company. Joined the company in 2004 google browser As head of product management and development, he devoted himself to improving the company’s platform.

Over the next few years, he was directly involved in the development of the browser Google Chrome, which the company introduced to the public in 2008. In the same year, Pichai was named Vice President of Product Development. In 2012, he became Senior Vice President, and two years later was promoted to Head of Product for Google and Android operating system.

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In 2015, Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin decided to restructure the company and create a holding company Alphabet Corporation. Google became a subsidiary of Alphabet, and it came as no surprise to insiders that they named it Pichaia CEO of Google. Interestingly, Sundar later admitted the offer to the CEO Also received from Microsoft, But Page and Brin convinced him to stay on Google.

Sundar imposed on Google Focus on cloud services and generation advertising earnings. He also participated in the development of the platform YoutubePurchased by Google in 2006 for $1.35 billion. In 2019, the founders of Google They decided to leave their executive positions in college Sundar took their place as CEO of Alphabet. In general, under his leadership, the value of Google and later Alphabet rose from $528 billion to $1.97 trillion, and the company’s stock rose by More than 458%.

3) Ajaypal Singh Banga, Mastercard

Capital: 451 million dollars

Ajaypal Singh Banga, MastercardAgaibal She was born in 1959 in Pune, East Indies. Graduated from St. Stephen College of Delhi a graduate Indian Institute of Management in Ahmedabad. Banga started his career in Nestlé India In 1981 and over the next 13 years he spent various assignments in this field Sales, Marketing and Management.

Join later Indian PepsiCo sectionWhere he participated in the launch of restaurants Pizza Hut a Kentucky in India. In 1996 he moved to Citigroup Bank As Head of Marketing in India. He later became the Director of Sales for CitiFinancial, the US asset division, where he moved in 2002.

In 2009, Ajaypal joined the company Master Card Credit CardHe started working as Operations Manager. A year later it happened General Director. He held this position until January 2021. Under Pang’s direction, Mastercard has experienced a massive increase in the past decade. Bang transformed MasterCard From the card company to the payment platform, expanded its business to include more geographical areas and established contacts with many governments of the world.

Panga also invested Research funding amount MasterCard in the regions cyber security a Real-time paymentsThis made the company one of the fastest growing payment platforms in many years. During this period, the market value of MasterCard increased from $33 billion to $358 billion The company’s shares have increased more than 1,000% during this period.

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One of his greatest accomplishments is MasterCard’s partnership with an investment bank Goldman Sachs and society An appleWhich brought to the market Apple Card. It is currently used by more than 6 million people. Although Ajaypal resigned as CEO at the beginning of 2021, he still holds a position at Mastercard. The position of Chairman of the Executive Council.

4) Parag Agrawal, Twitter

Capital: 2 million dollars

Parag Agrawal, TwitterParag was born in 1984 in Ajmer, northern India. His father was a high-ranking Indian official Ministry of Atomic Energy His mother was a teacher. Parag has been interested in technology since he was a kid, and he won in 2001 International Physics Olympiad in Turkey.

In 2005, he received a university degree in computer science and engineering from Indian Institute of Technology in Mumbai. He then moved to the United States, where he pursued doctoral studies in computer science at Stanford University.

Soon after graduating, he worked in companies Microsoft, Yahoo The American telecom giant AT&T in various research positions. In 2011 it started as software engineer for twitter. He held this position for more than 6 years and was later promoted to chief technical officer.

Here he was responsible for the company’s technical strategy and led the development and implementation Machine learning and artificial intelligence. In addition, since 2019 Bluesky project led, Together with an independent team of architects, engineers and designers to fight Abusive and misleading information on Twitter.

In November 2021 Co-founder and CEO of Twitter Jack Dorsey He announced that he was resigning. He was replaced by Parag, who is becoming day by day Youngest General Manager In the S&P 500 Index, which also includes Twitter, which tracks the 500 largest companies in the United States.

Twitter is currently going through a turbulent period. Although he does relatively physical work, it is in the summer The platform has seen a huge influx of its users After I decided to cancel the account Former President of the United States Donald Trump. He also joined this controversy Litigation with the company’s investorsWhich he had on Twitter Deceit about the number of new users. Twitter lost the dispute and had to pay a fine of $809 million.

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So Parag will not have an easy start in the new job. However, as reported by The Washington Post, Parag already I started restructuring the company. They have to leave Twitter by the end of the year Two managers and dozens of employees. Will this restructuring turn Twitter into a successful wave, time will tell.

Reward: Indra Noijova, PepsiCo

Capital: 290 million

Indra Nooyi, PepsiCoAlthough Nooyi at the moment He no longer holds the position of CEOHistorically belongs To the most famous CEOs of India She was one of the first Indian women to confirm their presence in the United States.

indra He was born in 1955 in Madras. On the Indian Institute of Management in Kolkata He earned a master’s degree in business administration. After moving to the United States in 1980, he earned an additional salary Master’s degree from Yale University. Over the next six years, I worked as a consultant at Boston Consulting Group. She later held executive positions in the company Motorola Corporation. and the engineering company Asea Brown Boveri (now ABB).

In 1994, Nooyi worked at PepsiCo as Senior Vice President of Corporate Strategy and evolution. In 2001, she was appointed The company’s financial manager. Five years later, in October 2006, she took over as CEO and became the fifth CEO in PepsiCo’s 42-year history. it was first womanWho drove this giant with soft drinks and snacks.

Organized Nooyi Major restructuring of the companyWhich included a chapter of its restaurants – which included Kentucky, Pizza Hut a Taco Bell – From the parent company. In addition, he oversaw the merger with the grain producer Quaker Oats Company. , which was part of PepsiCo’s strategy to focus on healthy foods and drinks. also focused on the environmental interests of society and sustainability, Re-design Pepsi bottles to reduce waste and save water and It was easier to recycle.

It has set PepsiCo’s strategy to become and be a well-balanced company Less dependent on sales of its flagship product. It also pushed hard for international expansion. Under her leadership, PepsiCo’s sales increased from $35 billion in 2006 to $172 billion in 2018. In 2018, she announced that she would be stepping down as CEO, being replaced Ramon LaguartaWho is still working in this position.