On Sunday, October 17, 2021, “Space Week” began at the World Expo in Dubai. It is one of the ten thematic weeks of the world fair, Its mission is to find solutions to today’s latest challenges. This week’s Slovak Pavilion exhibition also includes the Slovak Academy of Sciences with premises conducting world-class research in space and materials. Space issues will dominate the Expo until October 23, 2021.
“When an event of such significance as a world fair is held, it is hard to imagine the Slovak Republic presenting itself without the contribution of the Slovak Academy of Sciences with its best scientific results,” SAS President Prof. Pavol Šajgalík before the opening of Space Week in Dubai.
The main program of the “Space Week” in the Slovak Pavilion began with a conference attended by the State Secretary of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic, Uduvet Paulis, and the State Secretary of the Ministry of Defense of the Slovak Republic. Slovak Republic Marianne Mager. Aleš Kučera of the SAS Astronomical Institute gave a lecture on the potential of SAS in space research.
Part of the presentation of the Institute of Experimental Physics of the Slovak Academy of Sciences at EXPO digital gallery It’s called “SPACE LAB SLOVAKIA”, which represents the institute as a trusted partner for space missions with more than 50 years of history. Scientists from the Institute participated in the development of the first special space device SK-1, which was launched into space in 1977 on the Interkozmos-17 mission, participated in the Czech-Slovak MAGION satellite program and is currently contributing to pioneering missions of the European Union Space Agency (ESA). ): Rosseta, BepiColombo, or JUICE. During the space week of the professional program, Institute of Astrophysicists representative Simon Macovjak will give a lecture titled ‘Towards an independent space safety.
The professional lecture series is supplemented by a contribution from the Director of the Institute of Physics of the Slovak Academy of Sciences Mario Zimana, who prepared a lecture entitled The future is quantum.
New materials from the workshop of the Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics of the Slovak Academy of Sciences also open the way for future space research. As part of Space Week, the Dubai Institute is presenting its parabola-shaped aluminum foam heat shield model. Its original design makes it possible to maintain a constant temperature difference between the inside and outside of the dish in a suitable orbit. This can be used for continuous generation of mechanical correlations. Electricity even in the absence of several hours of sunlight.
The second gallery is a magnesium-based compound reinforced with magnesium fibres. Components made of it have strength and hardness that exceed the properties of steel components, but their weight is five times less. The supporting foot of the parabola shown is made of this compound.
The Institute’s latest offering is a superconductor with a lightweight casing made of super-grain aluminum, giving it high strength with minimal weight. In conditions of low temperatures and microgravity in orbit, it can also be usefully used as a generator of electric current, which is generated in it when it crosses its magnetic field as a long wire suspended on a satellite orbiting the Earth. It is the high strength at the lowest weight that creates the prerequisite for producing a wire of sufficient length, while the superconductivity minimizes resistance losses.
Among the exhibitors at the world trade fair EXPO are private companies that will mainly display their products. Although the Slovak Academy of Sciences focuses primarily on basic research, the experience and knowledge gained may be of interest to potential future partners.
The IEF SAS digital exhibition is available at:
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