Based on current electoral preferences, seven parties and coalitions must enter the lower house of parliament. The minimum threshold for entering Parliament is five percent for a party, eight percent for a two-party coalition, and 11 percent for a coalition of three or more parties.
TASR offers profiles of leaders of parties and movements with an opportunity to enter the House of Representatives:
== Movement Yes 2011 ==
The leader of the winning candidate in the last elections of October 2017 is from the richest Czechs and the current Prime Minister Andrej Babis. However, his work is the source of many disputes due to conflicts of interest in the distribution of European subsidies, and his name is associated with the Stork’s Nest affair. He was registered in ŠtB’s folders as an agent under the pseudonym Bureš, but denied cooperating with ŠtB. Most recently, he was one of the cast in Pandora Papers. In his reaction, he denied any illegal or immoral behavior when he described what was revealed as an attempt to discredit it before the upcoming parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic.
Andrej Babis was born on September 2, 1954 in Bratislava. He also graduated from the University of Economics (VŠE) in his hometown. He was a 100% shareholder in Agrofert, which he founded in 1993 with just four employees focused on the fertilizer business. At present, Agrofert is the largest Czech agricultural, food, carpentry and chemical company with approximately 34,000 employees.
In November 2011, he founded the YES movement. In the early parliamentary elections in 2013, she won nearly one million votes, which is historically the largest number for a new political entity in the history of the Czech Republic. He met in the Parliament of the Czech Republic for the first time on October 26, 2013.
He served in the coalition government of the Social Democratic Party Bohuslav Sobotka from January 2014 to May 2017 as Minister of Finance, and since December 2017 Andrej Babis has been the head of the Czech government.
== Total Alliance (ODS, KDU-ČSL, TOP 09) ==
The three-party pre-election coalition – Civic Democrats, Christian Democrats and Top 09 is led by Civic Democratic Party (ODS) President Peter Fiala.
Peter Fiala was born on September 1, 1964 in Brno. In 1983-1988 he studied Czech language and history at the Faculty of Arts at Jan Evangelist Berketa University in Brno (now Masaryk University). After graduating from university, he worked for two years as a historian in a museum in Kroměříž. From 1990 he participated in the establishment of the Department of Political Science – in 1993 he became the Head of the Department of Political Science at the Faculty of Arts at Masaryk University.
In 2002, he was the first academic in the Czech Republic to be appointed professor of political science, and in 2004-2011 he was rector of Masaryk University for two terms. From May 2012 to July 2013, he served as Minister of Education, Youth and Sports in Peter Nias’ government.
He has served as a member of the lower house of the Czech parliament continuously since October 2013, when he ran as a nonpartisan first-place candidate for the National Democratic Party in the South Moravian region. He was elected as Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives on November 28, 2017.
Professor Peter Fiala has been a member of the ODS since November 7, 2013, and was elected by the Civic Democrats as party leader at the party convention on January 18, 2014.
Marian Gorica, Chairman of KDU-SL
Marian Gorica was born on March 15, 1981 in Perov. He comes from a family that has been farming for generations. He graduated from a secondary agricultural school in his hometown, and continued his studies at Mendel University in Brno, specializing in teaching in agriculture and forestry. Since 2002, he has been earning his living as a private farmer on a family farm in the village of Rokytnice. From January 2014 to December 2017, he was the Minister of Agriculture of the Czech Republic in the government of Bohuslav Sobotka.
He joined the Christian Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People’s Party (KDU-SL) in 1999, and has led the party since January 25, 2020. It met in the Chamber of Deputies for the first time in 2013.
Marketa Bykarova Adamova, President of TOP 09
Markéta Pekarová Adamová was born on October 2, 1984 in Litomyšl. After graduating from high school in Svitavi, she moved to Prague in 2005. In 2006-2008 she graduated from the Andragogy Department of the Faculty of Arts at Charles University. In the following years, she expanded her education by studying at the Masaryk Institute for Advanced Studies at the Czech Technical University in the field of Economics and Management in Industry (2009-2011).
She became politically involved in 2009, when she joined the newly formed TOP 09 party. In 2015, she became the Vice President and on November 24, 2019, she became the leader of the party. The honorary president of TOP 09 is Karel Schwarzenberg.
She entered the lower house of the Czech parliament after snap elections in October 2013. Four years later, she defended her parliamentary mandate.
== Alliance of Pirates and Mayors ==
The electoral alliance is led by the head of the Czech Pirate Party (Pirates) Ivan Bartosz. He was born on March 20, 1980 in Jablonec nad Nisou. At the age of seventeen, he left for the United States, where he also graduated. Then he passed the Czech exam Matura in his hometown. After graduating in 1999, he moved to Prague. He began studying at two universities – Theology at Husset Theological Seminary and Information Studies and Librarianship at Charles University’s School of Arts. Finally, he decided to focus on information studies for which he obtained his Ph.D. During his studies, he completed one semester in the United States at the College of Computer Science at the University of New Orleans. He worked in several Czech and multinational companies in the field of information technology.
He entered politics in 2009, when he co-founded the Czech Pirate Party (Pirate). He was head of the political entity, which is seen as a party of young urban liberal voters, from October 2009 to August 2014, and has been leading the Pirates again since April 2, 2016.
Ivan Bartosz has been a member of the lower house of the Czech Parliament since October 2017.
Vit Rakuchan, President, Movement of Mayors and Independents (Stan)
Vet Rakuchan was born on June 16, 1978 in Coleen. He studied History and German Studies at the University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice and School Administration at Charles University in Prague. Since 2000, he has been doing business especially in the field of foreign language teaching and interpretation. In 2001 he began working as a teacher at Jiří Orten Grammar School in Kutna Hora, where he taught German, history and political science. In 2010-2019, he was mayor of Collin, and resigned after being elected president of the STAN movement.
He became a member of the Stan movement in 2015, and on April 13, 2019, became the leader of the movement that relies more on voters for smaller municipalities.
He won the mandate of a member of the lower house of the Czech parliament after the October 2017 elections, when the Stan movement narrowly crossed the 5% threshold by 5.18%.
== Freedom and Direct Democracy (SPD) ==
The movement led to the election of Tomio Okamura. He was born on July 4, 1972 in Tokyo to a Moravian mother and a Japanese-Korean father. He spent his childhood alternately in the former Czechoslovakia and Japan, where he lived for only ten years. He graduated from elementary school in the Czech Republic and studied chemical engineering. After graduation, he traveled to Tokyo, where he made a living as a garbage man and later sold popcorn and Coke in the cinema. When he was 21 years old, he decided to return to Europe.
In Prague, he worked as a commentator for the BBC, and in 2004 was elected to the Presidium of the Association of Czech Travel Agencies (AČCKA), where he served as Vice-President in 2009-2014.
He became politically active in 2013, when he founded the Dawn of Direct Democracy movement in June. Already in the next parliamentary elections, which took place in October 2013, 6.88 percent of voters won. In May 2015, he left the movement after internal partisan disagreements and immediately established a new movement, Freedom and Direct Democracy (SPD). This was achieved in the upcoming elections, which took place in October 2017, with 10.64 percent of the vote in Parliament, and on November 24, 2017, Representatives elected Tomiya Okamuro as Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives.
== Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) ==
The leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party is Jan Hamacek, First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior. Born on November 4, 1978 in Mladá Boleslav. After graduating from high school in his hometown, he studied translation and interpretation at the Faculty of Arts at Charles University in Prague in 1996-2001.
His big hobbies are international relations and foreign policy. He addressed them as Vice-President of the International Union of Socialist Youth (IUSY). He was elected a member of Parliament in 2006 – from November 2013 to October 2017, he was the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Parliament.
He has been a member of CSSD since 2001. In 2002-2006, he was president of the Youth Organization for Young Social Democrats, and has been president of CSSD since February 2018.
== Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) ==
The Communists are led in the election campaign by their long-term president, Philip Wojciech. He was born on January 13, 1955 in České Budějovice in the family of a professional soldier. After graduating from grammar school in Trhové Sviny, he continued his studies at Jan Evangelist Purkyňa University of Law in Brno (now Masaryk University), graduating in 1978. He worked as a lawyer at SFINX in eské Budějovice, where he worked until 1990. In 1986 he was He is registered in ŠtB lists as a collaborator under the pseudonym Falmer.
After the 1990 elections, he sat in the Peoples’ Assembly of the Federal Assembly (SĽ FZ). After the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, he returned to high politics in 1996, when he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies. He has served as its deputy speaker in the outgoing Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Parliament since June 27, 2018.
He joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČM) in 1983, and since 1990 has been a member of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSM). He has served as Chairman of the Central Committee (Central Committee) in Medina since October 1, 2005.
== Department of Civil Movement ==
Robert Šlachta, an elite police officer and former head of the Organized Crime Unit (ÚOOZ), is the leading candidate for the newly formed Praha movement. He was born on July 22, 1971 in the town of Boskovice in the South Moravian region. He also graduated from an agricultural secondary school in his hometown, and studied social education at the Faculty of Education of Masaryk University in Brno.
After high school, he worked on a farm in Mikulov, repairing machines and driving tractors and combines. In 1991, he joined the police of the Czech Republic, where he held various positions, until in January 2008 he became the director of the organized crime unit. He remained in this position for eight years, despite several attempts to appeal, until June 2016. In August of the same year, he accepted an offer for the position of Deputy Director General of the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic. At the end of November 2019, he entered civilian life.
In early 2021, he announced his intention to create a new political movement, Oath. In June 2021, the movement’s inaugural congress took place in Ostrava, at which Robert Šlachta was elected as its president.
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