Today, China is a superpower in space research and is slowly but surely overtaking the Russian Federation, and the United States fears its cosmic expansion. However, his beginnings were not easy and he did not take the first astronaut into space until years after the end of the Cold War.
However, thanks to rapid and intense economic growth, it is catching up very quickly and is currently at a level where it could easily overtake the United States if we do not take into account SpaceX and its numbers, which currently make up a large part of the US space industry.
First steps and small satellites
China, still at the helm of Mao Zedong, decided that it wanted to keep pace with the rest of the great powers and launch its own satellite. The decision was made less than a year after the Sputnik 1 satellite was launched into orbit.
naratrip / freepik
The country reached an important stage on July 19, 1964, when they launched a biological experiment on mice at an altitude of several tens of kilometers using a T-7 missile, Reuters reports. The T-7 missile was designed for suborbital flights with a height of 58 km and a carrying capacity of 25 kg and performed a total of 24 meteorological missions.
She terminated her service in 1969 after her last flight, and China was already preparing for something bigger and more important.
The first satellite in space
One year later, on April 24, 1970, China was launched into orbit with its first satellite. They owe this to the Long March 1 missile, the first of the Long March series that the country is in widespread use today and plans to expand further.
Chris Combs / Twitter / CNSC / Scinews / Youtube / Editing
Dong Fang Hong I, also known abroad as China I, which weighed 173 kg and lasted 20 days, was transferred into orbit with a maximum altitude of 2,046 km. The satellite is equipped with a music player with which the song “East is Red” is played.
To this day, this satellite is still in orbit, and it has a relatively slow decline due to its altitude. After this success, China continued to fly and bring other satellites into the universe, mainly of a scientific nature, but then they remained silent about their successes for many years.
Espionage is the main motive
You will find in this article after opening
- The beginnings were really difficult and they remained silent for a long time, what is the important milestone that China reached among the first?
- Although the former did not land on the moon, it did bring something of great value from it. Why did you do that and the United States did not?
- China is developing its own massive missile and will outperform the American SLS
- China’s lunar program casts a shadow over many other countries because it wants to build the first station on the moon and attract people to it
- It would also bring out a telescope that would horribly outperform the Hubble Space Telescope, but how would China want to maintain it without a space shuttle?
Once unlocked, you will also receive
- Ad-free articles
- Unlimited access to over 75,000 articles
- Benefits over 100 EUR
“Organizer. Pop culture aficionado. Avid zombie scholar. Travel expert. Freelance web guru.”