January 21, 2022

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Ignored at the time, but today it could change the world: this forgotten quantum theory brings a revolutionary view of particles

In the 1920s, the field of quantum physics was still in its infancy, but this does not mean that some great ideas did not appear at that time. An example of this is the theory of a French scientist named Louis de Broglie, the portal wrote Science alert.

At the time, there was a fierce debate among scientists about whether light and matter were particles or waves. Broglie came up with an interesting alternative and suggested that both options might be true. What if quantum objects are driven by something that rises and falls, just like the level of an ocean? His theory was convincing, but it had its flaws. Perhaps that is why it fell into oblivion relatively quickly.

Today, the vast majority of scientists lean toward the so-called Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics. According to these laws, the exact location and momentum of particles are not determined until they are observed and measured. This theory differs from the work of Louis de Broglie who suggested it Particles have their locations at all times, not just when we notice them.

His theory is called experimental wave theory, and if it is true, The world will have to act a little differently, stranger. That is why many physicists did not accept his work. Although it is not a widely accepted theory today, it is still in the minds of experts and, in a way, fascinates them too much to be completely eliminated. For a small group of people, it’s even a theory that could make sense of the universe.

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The Copenhagen interpretation takes a chance as part of nature. In the 1920s, scientists were surprised by inaccurate observations of light and other particles, that behaved as waves more than particles. Danish theorist Niels Bohr and German Werner Heisenberg shed more light on this issue. Their work depends on a certain amount of uncertainty.

How do particles behave?

Their experiences revealed something strange. The universe acted as if it still had to think about where to put the particle, in what direction it should rotate, and at what speed it should rotate. All these properties manifest themselves only when we observe the particle, and not before.

But Broglie offers an inside approach. According to him, the inaccurate results are not an error, but rather they show a wave that goes up and down. particles It is located somewhere in the path of this pocket. But where the particle falls into the hand of the wave it is traveling on.

Broglie’s approach makes more sense, but while he demonstrated his theory of the world, he was unable to provide explanations in a broader context. Today, there is a possibility that his theory is correct, but scientists need practical evidence to do so. In order to monitor whether the particles really behave as Broglie predicted, we need very sensitive instruments.

Today, technology does not allow us to do this, but scientists in the future will be able to prove or disprove Broglie’s theory with experiments. If confirmed, it could completely change our understanding of the universe.

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