November 28, 2021

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FAQ: How to install Microsoft Windows 11 on an unsupported computer and what problems do we encounter (experience)

FAQ: How to install Microsoft Windows 11 on an unsupported computer and what problems do we encounter (experience)

Officially, Windows 11 is only available for modern PCs. However, it can also be used on older devices. Although only at your own risk.

In the end, tweaking the hardware requirements of Windows 11 has probably been discussed more than the news or improvements of the recently released system.

Basically right. Millions of PCs using Windows 10 have been named Official computer condition check app Already not compatible.

However, this does not necessarily mean that we cannot use Windows 11 on the device. Microsoft has officially enabled this option, although it does not support it. But we have to take a turn.

Other useful information and tips about Windows 11:

Before we begin: think about the potential risks

If we already have experience with manual installation of Windows 10 via installation media, then sign up. ISO file, the actual installation of Windows 11 will proceed similarly. This may not be a problem. But there are many factors to consider when moving to a new system.

Trouble with updates? This is not excluded

The first problem may be support from Microsoft. The company loudly acknowledges that incompatible devices that upgrade to Windows 11 may not receive security or other updates.

So far, that’s just a possibility. Finally, the security updates released on Tuesday, October 12th (as part of the latest update Tuesday) have been delivered to all Windows 11 PCs.

However, Microsoft itself admits in a warning when installing the system that support can stop at any time. Unsecured.

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Source: Microsoft (reprophoto: Martin Kováč)

Working on an unpaid system is definitely not worth it. Downloading updates manually from the official update catalog (if applicable) is nonsense in the long run.

If Microsoft really cuts off the delivery of updates to unsupported devices, then probably the most convenient way would be to roll back to Windows 10. Again, just a clean install of the system via ISO, respectively. middle of the installation.

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In short: Windows 11 vs. Windows 10. This is how the environment has changed…

Can an old computer handle a new system?

Basically, we dare say yes. If the device performs well on Windows 10, then there will be no problems with Windows 11 either.

We haven’t seen any noticeable increase in computing power requirements. After all, Windows 11 is an evolution, not a revolution, and was originally meant to be just another major update to Windows 10.

Obstacle to reliable operation of the system Alternatively, it may represent the possible absence of required technologies, which Microsoft is confirming this time around. The presence of Secure Boot and especially the TPM 2.0 module is widespread in this direction. Although it was really important for Windows 10 in principle, it was not a necessary condition for using the system from Microsoft.

But unless we clearly have an old laptop or a hybrid, both technologies should be available. At least in computers commonly available in our area. In China, for example, there is a ban on Western encryption technologies and they are using their own solutions instead of TPM.

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More often than not we will be able to run into the problem that TPM 2.0 or Secure Boot is turned off by default on the device. It is necessary to activate them additionally in the BIOS.

If necessary, we will be able to bypass TPM 2.0 during installation, but the module requires, for example, Windows Hello security technology, respectively. An important role is played by technologies designed to work with computers without using passwords. The module also has a more effective way to protect devices from attacks that misuse the firmware.

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Windows 11 is not for older PCs. Perhaps the fate of his predecessor xpéček awaits

In the long run, an incompatible processor can also be a risk. Overall performance isn’t everything. The older we use the chip, the better chance it doesn’t support any instructions or techniques. We may not be able to use or take full advantage of some (future) features of the system. We have to take into account that.

Microsoft’s strong decision not to include many processors – which are still relatively new – in the list of supported chips caused a lot of passion. However, the position about Meltdown errors, respectively. ghost. The bugs exist at the hardware code level, and were publicly discovered in early 2018. They affect generations of older processors. Among others, Kaby Lake (7th generation Core) and Skylake (6th generation Core).

This is clearly why Microsoft prefers newer chips – at least the 8th generation Intel Core or alternative products from AMD.

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The old Intel Pentium 4 processor is said to fully support Windows 11, apparently…

It can be said, of course, that several fixes and updates have been released in the meantime, which should at least reduce the risk of exploiting these bugs.

However, the problem here appears that far from all affected systems are patched or completely patched. Often, whether a particular device is at least partially paid for it directly depends on the manufacturers of the specific computer, respectively. Treatments. Or their willingness to prepare / launch such a patch at all.

Again, when manually installing the system at your own risk, we will be able to bypass the CPU check.

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Are computers ready for Windows 11? No glory at least…

More frequent instability? It also depends on the program

Microsoft’s arguments that Windows 11, based on its own testing, runs less reliably on unsupported hardware, also discourages us from moving unofficially to Windows 11.

Many times we may encounter a system crash in the blue screen of death and (in the future) there may be compatibility issues, for example with drivers (wireless networks, VPN, audio, etc.).

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Windows 11 on unsupported devices? Tricky road at your own risk

This can be agreed in principle. But it should be added with one breath Every computer is different, and the risks of switching to Windows 11 if we have an unsupported device can be very different.

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Old systems may not be automatically unstable, and a lot also depends on the software (often security) or drivers used.

Even with a fully-equipped device on Windows 11, we do not finally guarantee that everything will work without problems. The first compatibility issues are present in the new system already solved (Resp. Solved).

In addition, problems occur constantly. The truth is that every time security updates or major system updates (Windows 10) are released, some major or minor compatibility issues are additionally addressed. Throwing everything just on the old chip structure will be warped.

In our opinion, and what’s your Windows experience so far? It is definitely a good idea to assess the so-called “risk score” when moving our incompatible device to a new platform.

If our hardware runs fairly stable with Windows 10, plus we can run TPM 2.0 and Secure Boot, then the chances of potential problems with Windows 11 are significantly reduced. However, it cannot be completely eliminated.

We install Windows 11: it’s only manual

We tested the transition to Windows 11 in the editorial office on two machines that did not meet the requirements for Windows 11. In one case, it was a 4-year-old computer with a Kaby Lake chip, which, however, meets everything else.

On the contrary, the challenge was an older workstation, which only has the older TPM 1.2 and the processor is also out of the game. Here we also had to solve one additional problem – the disk still uses the Master Boot Record (MBR), but the use of GPT partitions is required. You can also use a tool that has been available directly in Windows 10 since MB3 – MBR2GPT. A fun and detailed guide to this specific problem Displays For example,

At the same time, we can only make the transition by manual installation. There is no adequate delivery via Windows Update. So we proceed in a similar way as if, for example, we inserted a new disk into the computer.

A valid Windows 10 license should be normal.

Eventually, we can switch from older Windows 7/8.x systems to Windows 10 and then to Windows 11. Most of these older devices probably won’t meet the conditions for Windows 11 anyway.

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Manual installation is for more experienced users. It is also recommended to back up your hard disk before starting the installation.

The first step in the installation itself, which Microsoft also indicates, there is a slight modification in the system logs (using regedit). This is a new feature that was not required for normal Windows 10 installations. As part of the Windows 11 installation process, this time we have to bypass the processor check manually, respectively. Presence of a TPM 2.0 module.

inside the key”HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMSetupMoSetupA new item must be created.AllowUpgradesWithUnsupportedTPMOrCPU‘, which would be of a kind’REG_DWORD“It will be valuable”1“.

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Source: Microsoft (reprophoto: Martin Kováč)

Then you need to create the installation medium. Either in the form of a USB key (minimum 8 GB required) or an ISO image of the disk. Perhaps the most useful option is the first one that we can implement through a special application from Microsoft. We are already in the process Described in a separate article.

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Windows 11: Instructions on how to create a clean system installation and what to look for

If such media is created, we can restart the machine and boot from the disk (it may be necessary to change the order of the disks when booting into the BIOS) to perform the system installation.

At first, a blue window will appear, in which we will also choose the language version. If we are still offered to enter a product key, then we will skip this step by selecting “I do not have a product key” (if the system was previously activated on the device, then activation will take place automatically).

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Source: Martin Kovac

We agree to the license terms and choose our own installation – that is, a clean installation of the system, through which our applications or settings are not transferred to a new profile. We will have to do this additionally, respectively. Reinstall multiple apps as well.

Then we select the disk, respectively. The partition on which Windows 11 will be installed. After that, the installation process of the system itself should take place.

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Source: Martin Kovac

After a reboot and first run, you will be presented with a so-called fully restored Out-of-the-Box Experience (OOBE). These are the first “welcome” screens and settings, where we’ll choose regions, keyboards, wired/wireless networks, and whether we’re going to sign in to our Microsoft account (or create a new one).

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Source: Microsoft (reprophoto: Martin Kováč)

We will also choose settings related to privacy protection, transmission of diagnostic data, or for what purposes the device will normally be used. The system should be further adapted accordingly.

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Windows 11: Your first startup tips and tricks

We also draw attention to a special segment of the SHARE Technology podcast, where you will learn:

  • Who can get the new Windows 11,
  • What are the hardware requirements it has,
  • Under what circumstances can it be obtained free of charge,
  • How is the graphic interface different,
  • What are the innovations in the App Store?
  • And why Microsoft decided to add support for Android.

The podcast is jointly prepared by the magazines Živé.sk and HernáZó You can subscribe to all new episodes of our SHARE podcasts across platforms Apple PodcastAnd google podcastAnd spotify or Deezer.