January 29, 2022

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A large reservoir of water has been found under the surface of Mars

Water is the basis of life as we know it. Today we know that it has been on Mars in the past. We even succeeded Define regions as wellWhere she was. The latest news that comes with the portal Futurism.com Referring to ESA . ​​space agency They say Mars is not desert planetAs we thought so far.

The European Space Agency says there is still water on Mars

The European Space Agency’s ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) probe has succeeded It reveals an area that hides large amounts of water under the surface. It is a water deposit at the bottom of one of the deepest valley systems on the planet, the Valees Marineris. Just for comparison, this canyon is 10 times as long and 5 times as deep as the Grand Canyon.

The probe was able to use the High Resolution Appearance Neutron Detector (FREND) Reveals more water in the topsoil At a depth of 3 feet, less than one meter below the surface.

Source: ESA, an area where water has been identified

“With the help of TGO, we can look up to one meter below this layer of dirt and see what is really happening under the surface of Mars,” said Igor Mitrofanov, a researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences and lead author of the study. , in the ESA statement. He added: “FREND has detected an unusually large amount of hydrogen in the massive system of the Valles Marineris Valley. Assuming that the hydrogen we see is bound to water molecules, it appears that up to 40 percent of the near-surface material in this region is water.” .

The area itself, according to scientists, is likely to be Holland. Scientists analyzed this region with the FREND instrument between May 2018 and February 2021. They determined the hydrogen content in Martian soil by detecting neutrons instead of light.

“We found that the central part of Valles Marineris is filled with water … much more water than we expected,” co-author Alexei Malakhov said in a statement. “It’s very similar to the permafrost regions on Earth, where water ice is constantly present under the dry soil due to the constantly low temperatures,” he added.

The researchers also add that they assume that Water below the surface in the form of ice. Discovering like this will not only help us understand how the planet evolved, but it can also help us pinpoint where we might find signs of life.

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